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Please see Amy Toth's Google Scholar and/or Research Gate pages for the most up-to-date list of publications.

We will gladly send pdf copies of our publications upon request.


87. Sumner, S., Favreau, E. Geist*, K., Toth, A.L., and Rehan, S.M. Molecular patterns and processes in evolving sociality: Lessons from insects. Invited review for: Special Issue of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. In press.

86. Favreau, E., Geist, K.*, Sumner, S., and Toth, A.L. and, Rehan, S.A. 2022. Co-expression gene networks and machine-learning algorithms unveil a core genetic toolkit for reproductive division of labour in rudimentary insect societies. In press, Genome Biology and Evolution.

85. Cass, R.P., Hodgson, E.W., O’Neal, M.E., Toth, A.L., St. Clair, A.L*. and Dolezal, A.G.* Beekeeper, farmer, and landowner attitudes and aspirations for bee conservation in the Midwestern US. Journal of Integrated Pest Management.

84. +Riojas-Schnier, J. and Toth, A.L. 2022. Insights into insect cognition from mirror-induced behavior in paper wasps.  Behaviour, in press.

83. *St. Clair, A.L., *Zhang, G., *Dolezal, A.G., O’Neal, M.E., and Toth, A.L. 2022. Agroecosystem landscape diversity shapes wild bee communities independent of managed honey bee presence. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 327: 107826.

82. *Zhang, G., *St. Clair, *Dolezal, A.G., Toth, A.L., O’Neal, M.E. 2021. Can Native Plants Mitigate Climate-related Forage Dearth for Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae)? Journal of Economic Entomology, toab202.

81. *Walton, A. and Toth. A.L. 2021. Resource limitation, intra‐group aggression and brain neuropeptide expression in a social wasp. Functional Ecology 35 (10), 2241-2252

80. *Borchardt, K.E., Morales, C.L., Aizen, M.A., and Toth, A.L. 2021. Plant–pollinator conservation from the perspective of systems-ecology. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 47: 154-161.

79. *Walton, A., Toth, A.L., and *Dolezal, A.G. 2021. Developmental environment shapes honeybee worker response to virus infection. Scientific Reports 11 (1): 1-12.             

78. Teixeira, E.W., de Paiva Daibert, R.M., Júnior, L.A.G., da Silva, M.V.G.B., Florencio Alves, M.L.T.M., Evans, J.D., Toth, A.L. 2021. Transcriptomic analysis suggests candidate genes for hygienic behavior in African-derived Apis mellifera honeybees. Apidologie, 52 (2): 447-462.

77. DeGrandi-Hoffman, G., Corby-Harris, V., Carroll, M., Toth, A.L., Gage, S., deJong, E.W, Graham, H., Chambers, M., Meador, C., Obernesser, B. 2021. The importance of time and place: Nutrient composition and utilization of seasonal pollens by European honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Insects 12 (3): 235.

76. *Zhang, G., *St. Clair, A.L., *Dolezal, A.G., Toth, A.L., and O’Neal, M.E. 2021.  North American Prairie Is a Source of Pollen for Managed Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Insect Science, 21 (1): 17.

75. Shell, W.A., Steffen, M.A., Pare, H.K., Seetharam, A.S., Severin, A.J., Toth, A.L., and Rehan, SA. 2021. Sociality sculpts similar patterns of molecular evolution in two independently evolved lineages of eusocial bees. Communications Biology 4 (1): 1-9.

74. +Pritchard, Z.A., *Hendriksma, H., *St. Clair, A.L., *Stein, D.S., *Dolezal, A.G., O’Neal, M.E., and Toth, A.L. 2021. Do viruses from honey bees endanger wild bees in native prairie habitats?  Environmental Entomology. 50 (2): 455-466.

73. Toth, A.L. and Zayed, A. 2020. The honey bee genome: what has it been good for?  Invited review for Apidologie, 50th anniversary special issue, In press.

72. *St. Clair, A.L., *Dolezal, A.G., O’Neal, M.E., and Toth, A.L. 2020. Pan traps for tracking honey bee activity-density: a case study in soybeans. Insects. 11(6): 366.

71. *Walton, A., Sheehan, M.J., and Toth, A.L. 2020. Going wild for functional genomics: RNA interference as a tool to study gene-behavior associations in diverse species and ecological contexts. Hormones and Behavior. 124: 104774.

70. *Stein, D.S., Debinski, D.M., Pleasants, J.M., and Toth, A.L. 2020. Evaluating native bee communities and nutrition in managed grasslands.  Environmental Entomology. 49: 717-725.

69. *Geffre, A.C., Gernat, T., Harwood, G., Jones, B.C., Hamilton, A.R., Bonning, B.C., Toth, A.L., Robinson, G.E., *Dolezal, A.G. 2020. Honey bee virus causes context-dependent changes in host social behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 117 (19): 10406-10413.

68. *Zhang, G., *St. Clair, A.L., *Dolezal, A.G., Toth, A.L., and O’Neal, M.E. 2020. Honey bee pollen forage in a highly-cultivated agroecosystem: relationships to landscape complexity and virus resistance. Journal of Economic Entomology. 113:1062-1072.

67. *St. Clair, A.L., *Dolezal, A.G., *Zhang, G., O’Neal, M.E., and Toth, A.L. 2020. Diversified farming in a monoculture landscape: effects on honey bee health and wild bee communities. Environmental Entomology. 49: 753-754.

66. Dolezal, A.G.*, St. Clair, A.*, Zhang, G., Toth, A.L., and O'Neal, M. 2019. Native habitat mitigates feast/famine conditions faced by honey bees in agricultural landscapes.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, in press.

65. Toth, A.L. and Robinson, G.E. 2019. Genomics of Social Insects.  In Encyclopedia of Social Insects, in press.

64. Manfredini, F., Arbetman, M., Toth, A.L. 2019. A potential role for phenotypic plasticity in invasions and declines of social insects. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7: 375.

63. Rutter, L.*, Carrillo-Tripp, J.*, Bonning, B.C., Cook, D., Toth, A.L., Dolezal, A.G.* 2019. Transcriptomic responses to diet quality and viral infection in Apis mellifera. BMC Genomics 20 (1): 412

62. Rubenstein, D.R., Ågren, J.A., Carbone, L., Elde, N.C., Hoekstra, H.E., Kapheim, K.M., Keller, L., Moreau, C.S., Toth, A.L., Yeaman, S., Hofmann, H.A. 2019. Coevolution of genome architecture and social behavior. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 34(9): 844.

61. Hendriksma, H.P.*, Toth, A.L., Shafir, S. 2019. Individual and colony level foraging decisions of bumble bees and honey bees in relation to balancing of nutrient needs. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7: 177.

60. *Dolezal, A.G., *Carrillo-Tripp, J., Judd, T.M., Miller, W.A., Bonning, B.C., Toth, A.L. 2019. Interacting stressors matter: diet quality and virus infection in honeybee health. Royal Society Open Science, 6(2): 181803.

59. Suryanarayanan, S., Kleinman, D.L. Gratton, C., Toth, A.L., et al. (8 more authors) 2018. Collaboration matters: honey bee health as a transdisciplinary model for understanding real-world complexity.  BioScience, 68 (12): 990-995

58. *Walton, A., *Dolezal, A.G., +Bakken, M., and Toth, A.L. 2018. Hungry for the queen: Nutritional environment affects honey bee worker pheromone response in a life stage dependent manner.  Functional Ecology, 32 (12): 2699-2706.

57. Rehan, S.A., Steffen, M., *Fay, C.R., Glastad, K., Hunt, B.G., and Toth, A.L. 2018. Conserved genes underlie phenotypic plasticity in an incipiently social bee. Genome Biology and Evolution 10 (10): 2749-2758.

56. Miller, S.A., Bluher, S.E., Bell, E., Cini, A., DaSilva, R.C., de Souza, A.R., et al. (20 more authors), A.L. Toth, and M.J. Sheehan. 2018. WASPNest: A worldwide assessment of social polistine nesting behavior.  Ecology, 99 (10), 2405-2405.

55. Dogzhantis, K.A, Harpur, B.A., Rodrigues, A., Beani, L., Toth, A.L., and Zayed, A. 2018. Insects with similar social complexity show convergent patterns of molecular evolution. Scientific Reports 8:10388.

54. Manfredini, F., Brown, M.J.F., and Toth, A.L. 2018.  Candidate genes for cooperation and aggression in Polistes dominula wasps. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 204: 449-463.

53. *Dolezal, A.G. and Toth, A.L. 2018. Feedbacks between nutrition and disease in honey bee health. Current Opinion in Insect Science 26: 114-119.

52. Branstetter, M., Childers, A.K., Cox-Foster, D., Hopper, K.R., Kapheim, K.M., Toth, A.L., Worley, K.C. 2017. Genomes of Hymenoptera. Current Opinion in Insect Science 25: 65-75.

51. Weiner, S.A.*, Geffre, A.C.*, and Toth, A.L. 2017. Functional genomics in the wild: A case study with paper wasps shows challenges and prospects for RNA-interference in ecological systems. Genome, 2017: 1-7.

50. Toth, A.L. and Dolezal, A.G.* 2017. Editorial Overview: Integrative approaches to understanding insect sociality: Why physiology is still highly relevant. Current Opinion in Insect Science. 22: viii.

49. Jandt, J.M.*, Suryanarayanan, S., Hermanson, J., Jeanne, R.L., Toth, A.L.  2017. Maternal and nourishment factors interact to influence offspring developmental trajectories in social wasps. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 284 (1857): 20170651.

48. Berens, A.J.*, Tibbetts, E.A., and Toth, A.L. 2017. Cognitive specialization for learning faces is associated with shifts in the brain transcriptome of a social wasp. Journal of Experimental Biology. 220 (12): 2149-2153.

47. Toth, A.L. 2017. To reproduce or work? Insect castes emerge from socially induced changes in nutrition-related genes. “News and Views” piece for Molecular Ecology, 26 (11): 2839-2841.

46. Geffre, A.C.*, Liu, R.*, Manfredini, F. Beani, L., Kathirithamby, J., Grozinger, C.M., and Toth, A.L.  2017. Transcriptomics of an extended phenotype: parasite manipulation of wasp social behavior correlates with shifting expression of caste-related genes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 284 (1852): 20170029.

45. Toth, A.L., Rehan. S.M. 2017. Molecular evolution of insect sociality: an eco-evo-devo perspective. Annual Review of Entomology. 62: 419-442.

44. Dolezal, A.G.*, Scavo, N.A.+, Hendrix, S., Harris, M., O’Neal, M., Toth, A.L. 2016. Honey bee viruses in wild bees: viral Prevalence, loads, and experimental inoculation PLoS One.  11 (11): e0166190.

43. Toth, A.L., Sumner, S., Jeanne, R.L. 2016. Patterns of longevity across a sociality gradient in vespid wasps. Current Opinion in Insect Science. 16: 28-35.

42. Dolezal. A.G.*, Carrillo-Tripp, J.*, Miller, W.A., Bonning, B.C. Toth, A.L.   2016. Intensively cultivated landscape and Varroa mite infestation are associated with reduced honey bee nutritional state. PLoS One. 11 (4): e0153531.

41. Smith, G.W.+, Debinski, D.M, Scavo, N.A.+, Lange, C.J.+, Delaney, J.T., Moranz, R.A., Miller, J.R., Engle, D.M. and Toth, A.L. 2016. Bee abundance and nutritional status in relation to grassland management practices in an agricultural landscape.  Environmental Entomology. 45 (2): 338-347.

40. Carrillo-Tripp, J.*, Dolezal, A.G.*, Goblirsch, M.J., Miller, W.A., Toth, A.L., and Bonning, B.C.  2016. In vivo and in vitro infection dynamics of honey bee viruses.  Scientific Reports 6: 22265.

39. Walton, A.* and Toth, A.L. 2016. Individual variation in honey bee behavior shows hallmarks of personality.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.  70 (7): 999.

38. Standage, D.S., Berens, A.J., Glastad, K., Severin, A.J., Brendel, V., and Toth, A.L. 2016. Genome, transcriptome, and methylome sequencing of a primitively social wasp reveal a dramatic reduction in DNA methylation in a social insect. Molecular Ecology. 25 (8): 1769-1784.

37. Berens, A.J., Tibbetts, E.A., and Toth, A.L. 2016. Candidate genes for individual recognition in Polistes fuscatus paper wasps.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A.  202: 115-129.

36. Durant, D.R., Berens, A.J.*, Toth, A.L., and Rehan, S.A. 2015. Transcriptional profiling of overwintering gene expression in the small carpenter bee Ceratina calcarata. Apidologie. 47 (4): 572–582.

35. Dolezal, A.G.*, Carrillo-Tripp, J.*, Miller, W.A., Bonning, B.C., and Toth, A.L. 2015. Pollen contaminated with field-relevant levels of cyhalothrin affects honey bee survival, nutritional physiology, and pollen consumption behavior. Journal of Economic Entomology. 109 (1): 41-48.

34. Sheehan, M.J., Botero, C.A., Hendry, T.A., Sedio, B.E., Jandt, J.M.*, Weiner, S.A.*, Toth, A.L., and Tibbetts, E.A. 2015. Different axes of environmental variation explain the presence versus extent of cooperative nest founding associations in Polistes paper wasps. Ecology Letters. 18 (10): 1057-1067.

33. Rehan, S.M. and Toth, A.L. 2015. Climbing the social ladder: the molecular evolution

of sociality.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 30 (7): 426–433.

32. Jandt, J.M.*, Thomson, J.L.+, Geffre, A.C.* and Toth, A.L. 2015. Lab rearing perturbs social traits: a case study with Polistes wasps.  Behavioral Ecology. 26 (5): 1274-1284.

31. Jandt, J.M.* and Toth, A.L. 2015. Physiological and genomic mechanisms of social organization in wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Advances in Insect Physiology 48: 95-130.

30. Berens, A.J.*, Junt, J.H., and Toth, A.L. 2015.  Nourishment level affects caste-related gene expression in Polistes wasps.  BMC Genomics. 16: 235.

29. Berens, A.J.*, Hunt, J.H., and Toth, A.L.  2015. Comparative transcriptomics of convergent evolution: Different genes but conserved pathways underlie caste phenotypes across lineages of eusocial insects. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 32: 690-703.

28. Rehan, S.M., Berens, A.J.*, Toth, A.L.  2014. At the brink of eusociality: transcriptomic correlates of worker behaviour in a subsocial bee.  BMC Evolutionary Biology. 14: 260.

27. Skaggs, R., Jackson, J.C.+, Toth, A.L., S. S. Schneider.  2014. The vibration signal and ritualized aggression in the honey bee, Apis mellifera.  Animal Behaviour. 98: 102-111.

26. Beani, L., Dessì-Fulgheri, F., Cappa, F. and Toth, A.L.  2014. The trap of sex in social insects: from the female to the male perspective.  Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 46: 519-533.

25. Chowdhury, N.L., Cook, D., Hofmann, H., Majumder, M., and Toth, A.L.  2014. Visual statistical inference for high dimension, small sample size data.  Computational Statistics. 2014: 1-24.

24. Carrillo-Tripp, J.*, Krueger, E.N., Harrison, R.L., Toth, A.L., Miller, W.A. and Bonning, B.C.  2014. Lymantria dispar iflavirus 1 (LdIV1), a new model to study iflaviral persistence in lepidopterans.  Journal of General Virology. 95: 2285-96.

 23. Miller, W.A., Carrillo-Tripp, J.*, Bonning, B.C., Dolezal, A.G.*, and Toth, A.L. 2014. Letter to the Editor: Conclusive Evidence of Replication of a Plant Virus in Honeybees Is Lacking.  mBio.  5:3 1 e00985-14.

22. Toth, A.L., Tooker, J.T., Radhakrishnan, S.R.*, Menard, R., Henshaw, M.T., and Grozinger, C.M.  2014. Shared genes related to aggression, rather than chemical communication, are associated with reproductive dominance in paper wasps (Polistes metricus). BMC Genomics. 15: 75.

21. Jandt, J.M.*, Tibbetts, E.A. and Toth, A.L. 2014. Polistes paper wasps: a model genus for the study of social dominance hierarchies. Insectes Sociaux.  61(1): 11-27.

20. Dolezal, A.G.* and Toth, A.L.  2013. Honey bee sociogenomics:  A genome scale perspective on bee social behavior and health. Apidologie.  2013: 1-21.

19. Weiner, S.A.*, Galbraith, D.A.+, Adams, D.C., Valenzuela, N., Noll, F.B., Grozinger, C.M., Toth, A.L. 2013.  A survey of DNA methylation across social insect species, life stages, and castes reveals abundant and caste-associated methylation in a primitively social wasp. Naturwissenschaften. 100(8): 795-799.

18. Ament, S.A., Blatti, C., Alaux, C., Wheeler, M.M., Toth, A.L., LeConte, Y., Hunt, G.J., Guzmán-Novoa, E., DeGrandi-Hoffman, G., Uribe-Rubio, J.L., Amdam, G.V., Page, R.E., Rodriguez-Zas, S.L., Robinson, G.E., and Sinha, S. 2012. Meta-analysis of brain gene expression reveals shared cis-regulatory mechanisms for different behavior maturation factors.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 109(26): E1801-10.

17. Weiner, S.A.* and Toth, A.L. 2012.  Epigenetics in social insects: a new direction for understanding the evolution of castes.  Genetics Research International. 2012: 609810.

16. Tibbetts, E.A., Skaldina, O., Zhao, V.W.+, Toth, A.L., Skaldin, M., Beani, L., and Dale, J. 2011. Geographic variation in status signals in Polistes dominulus paper wasps. PLoS ONE. 6 (12): e28173.

15. Daugherty, T.H.F., Toth, A.L., and Robinson, G.E. 2011. Nutrition and division of labor: Effects on foraging and brain gene expression in the paper wasp Polistes metricus. Molecular Ecology 20: 5337-5347.

14.  Henshaw, M.T., Toth, A.L., and Young, T.J. 2011. Development of new microsatellite loci for the genus Polistes from publically available expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences. Insectes Sociaux 58: 581.585.

13. Singh, R., Levitt, A.L., Rajotte, E.G., Holmes, E.C., Ostiguy, N., vanEngelsdorp, D., Lipkin, W.I., dePamphilis, C.W., Toth, A.L., and Cox-Foster, D.L. 2010. RNA viruses in hymenopteran pollinators: evidence of inter-taxa virus transmission via pollen and potential impact on non-Apis hymenopteran species.  PLoS ONE 5: e14357.

12. Hunt, J.H., Wolschin, F., Mutti, N., Henshaw, M.T., Newman, T.C., Toth, A.L. and Amdam, G.V. 2010. Differential gene expression and protein abundance evince ontogenetic bias toward castes in a primitively social wasp. PLoS ONE, 5: e10674.

11. Toth, A.L., Varala, K., Henshaw, M.T., Rodriguez-Zas, S.L., Hudson, M.E. and Robinson, G.E. 2010. Brain transcriptomic analysis in paper wasps identifies genes associated with division of labor across social insect lineages. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 277:2139-2148.

10. Toth, A.L. and Robinson, G.E. 2010. Evo-devo and the evolution of social behavior: Brain gene expression analyses in social insects. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology, LXXIV: 1-9.

9. Toth, A.L., Bilof, K.J.+ Henshaw, M.T., Hunt, J.H., and Robinson, G.E. 2009. Lipid stores, ovary development, and gene expression in Polistes metricus females. Insectes Sociaux. 56:77-84.

8. Smith, C.R.*, Toth, A.L.*, Suarez, A.V., and Robinson, G.E. 2008. Genetic and genomic analyses of the division of labour in insect societies.  Nature Reviews Genetics, 9:735-748. * these authors contributed equally

7. Toth, A.L., Varala, K., Newman, T.C., Miguez, F.E., Hutchison, S., Willoughby, D., Simons, J.F., Egholm, M., Hunt, J.H., Hudson, M.E., and Robinson, G.E. 2007. Wasp gene expression supports an evolutionary link between maternal behavior and eusociality. Science, 318: 441-444. (cited in “Faculty of 1000 Biology”)

6. Toth, A.L. and Robinson, G.E. 2007. Evo-devo and the evolution of social behavior. Trends in Genetics, 23: 334-341.

5. Honey bee Genome Sequencing Consortium. 2006. Insights into social insects from the genome of the honeybee Apis mellifera. Nature, 443: 931-948.

4. Kunieda, T.*, Fujiyuki, T.*, Kucharski, R.*, Foret S.*, Ament, S.*, Toth, A.L*, Ohashi, K.,Takeuchi, H. Kamikouchi, A., Kage, E., Morioka, M., Beye, M., Kubo, T., Robinson, G.E., & Maleszka, R. 2006. Carbohydrate metabolism genes and pathways in insects: insights from the honey bee genome.  Insect Molecular Biology, 15: 563-576. * these authors contributed equally

3. Toth, A.L., Kantarovich, S.+, Meisel, A.F.+ & Robinson, G.E. 2005. Nutritional status influences socially-regulated foraging ontogeny in honey bees.  Journal of Experimental Biology, 208: 4641-4649.

2. Toth, A.L. & Robinson, G.E. Nutrition and division of labor in honey bees. 2005. Animal Behaviour, 69: 427-435.  (cited in “Faculty of 1000 Biolog

1. Leoncini, I., Le Conte, Y., Costagliola, G., Plettner, E., Toth, A.L., Wang, M., Huang, Z., Bécard J-M, Crauser, D., Slessor, K.N. & Robinson, G.E. 2004. Regulation of behavioral maturation in honey bees by a primer pheromone, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 101: 17559-17564.

Publications: Publications
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